Parts of Speech – Nouns and Verbs

Nouns and Verbs

Parts of speech are the names that describe the role or purpose of the different types of words in a language; the job that each word performs in a sentence.

First are NOUNS, which are names of things.

PROPER NOUNS normally begin with a capital letter (sometimes known as ‘upper case’) and are things like place names, people’s names, company names, addresses, and so on. Examples are: London, Paris, England, France, John, Frank, Jaguar, Toyota, Acacia Avenue, and so on.

COMMON NOUNS are simply things. Dog, cat, computer, shoe, telephone, chair, car and house are all examples: do you get the idea?

“John is a man who lives in London, drives a Jaguar car and has a daughter called Kate.”

Next we should look at VERBS. These are ‘doing’ words. Examples are write, eat, walk, run, drive, speak. In every case the word describes an action – something that is being done.

Just as there are two types of noun (proper nouns and common nouns), there are two types of verb – known as transitive and intransitive.

A transitive verb is where the doer is doing something to a person or an object. Hit the ball; drive a car; manage a business; cut your hair, and so on.

An intransitive verb is where something is being done, but not to another person or thing. Examples are walk, talk, think, live.

Some verbs have both transitive and intransitive uses. You can either eat (intransitive; something I’m doing) or eat an apple (transitive; I’m doing something to an apple).

That’s a start.

Nouns and verbs are the two most important parts of speech. Strictly speaking, every sentence must have a verb.

In the next post we will look at adjectives and adverbs.

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